पिछले 45 सालों की तुलना में वर्ष 2017-18 में सबसे अधिक रही बेरोजगारी दर : पढ़िये रिपोर्ट


नई दिल्ली :

हमारे देश में बारह करोड़ बेरोजगार लोग सिर धुन रहे है और पिछले 45 सालों की तुलना में साल 2017-18 में देश में बेरोजगारी दर बढ़कर 6.1 फीसदी हो गई थी.  

बिजनेस स्टैंडर्ड के अनुसार राष्ट्रीय नमूना सर्वेक्षण कार्यालय (एनएसएसओ) के पीरियाडिक लेबर फोर्स सर्वे (पीएलएफएस) की रिपोर्ट से यह जानकारी सामने आई है.

इसी रिपोर्ट के जारी न होने के कारण सोमवार को राष्ट्रीय सांख्यिकी आयोग (एनएससी) के कार्यकारी अध्यक्ष सहित दो सदस्यों ने इस्तीफा दे दिया था. दरअसल आयोग ने तो रिपोर्ट को मंजूरी दे दी थी लेकिन सरकार उसे जारी नहीं कर रही थी.

एनएसएसओ ने ये आंकड़े जुलाई 2017 से जून 2018 के बीच जुटाए हैं. नवंबर 2016 में प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी द्वारा नोटबंदी की घोषणा के बाद देश में रोजगार की स्थिति पर आया यह पहला सर्वेक्षण है.

रिपोर्ट के अनुसार, इससे पहले 1972-73 में बेरोजगारी के आंकड़े इतने अधिक थे.

वहीं साल 2011-12 मेें देश में बेरोजगारी दर 2.2 फीसदी तक कम हो गई थी.

साल 2011-12 में ग्रामीण युवा पुरुषों (15-29 आयु वर्ग) में बेरोजगारी की दर 5 फीसदी थी जबकि 2017-18 में यह बढ़कर 17.4 फीसदी हो गई.

वहीं उसी आयु वर्ग की ग्रामीण महिलाओं में बेरोजगारी दर 2011-12 की तुलना में 4.8 फीसदी से बढ़कर 2017-18 में 17.3 फीसदी हो गई.

इसी तरह, शिक्षित ग्रामीण महिलाओं में 2004-05 से 2011-12 तक बेरोजगारी दर 9.7 फीसदी से 15.2 फीसदी के बीच थी जबकि साल 2017-18 में यह बढ़कर 17.3 फीसदी हो गई.

वहीं इस दौरान, श्रम बल की भागीदारी दर (सक्रिय रूप से नौकरी चाहने वाले लोगों की संख्या) भी कम हो गई. श्रम बल की भागीदारी दर 2004-05 से बढ़कर 2011-12 में 39.9 फीसदी हो गई थी, वहीं 2017-18 में घटकर 36.9 फीसदी हो गई.

इससे पहले, भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था निगरानी केंद्र ने अपने सर्वेक्षण के आधार पर कहा था कि ठीक नोटबंदी के बाद साल 2017 के शुरुआती चार महीनों में ही 15 लाख नौकरियां खत्म हो गई हैं.

new Delhi :

Twenty-one million unemployed people are heading in our country and compared to the last 45 years, the unemployment rate in the country increased to 6.1 percent in 2017-18.

According to the Business Standard, this information has been revealed from the report of the PRIIDIC Labor Force Survey (PLFS) of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).

Due to non-release of the same report, two members, including the Executive Chairman of the National Statistical Commission (NSC), resigned on Monday. Actually the commission had approved the report but the government was not issuing it.

NSSO has collected these figures from July 2017 to June 2018. This is the first survey that came to the state of employment in the country after the ban was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in November 2016.

According to the report, before 1972-73 the figures of unemployment were so high.

In the year 2011-12, the unemployment rate decreased by 2.2 percent in the country.

In the year 2011-12, the rate of unemployment in rural youth (15-29 age group) was 5 per cent, and in 2017-18 this increased to 17.4 per cent.

At the same time, the unemployment rate among rural women of the same age increased from 4.8 per cent in 2011-12 to 17.3 per cent in 2017-18.

Similarly, among the educated rural women between 2004-05 and 2011-12, the unemployment rate was between 9.7 percent and 15.2 percent, whereas in 2017-18, it increased to 17.3 percent.

Meanwhile, the participation rate of the labor force (active number of people seeking a job) also decreased. The labor force participation rate increased from 2004-05 to 39.9 percent in 2011-12, while it decreased to 36.9 percent in 2017-18.

Earlier, the Indian Economy Monitoring Center had said on the basis of its survey that only 15 lakh jobs have been lost in the first four months of the year 2017 after the fine ban.

Sach ki Dastak

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